Il balletto nucleare con protagonista l’Iran ha smesso di appassionarmi da un bel po’.
In relazione ad esso, tuttavia, mi ha fatto riflettere la lettura di questo articolo del CFR sui quattro Stati che si trovano fuori dal trattato di non proliferazione nucleare (The Four Nuclear Outlier States).
Il specifico mi ha colpito la breve introduzione (il resto del pezzo traccia i profili dei 4 paesi suddetti):
The 1970 Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) was intended to prevent new countries from developing nuclear weapons and confine the arms race to the five nuclear weapons countries of the time–the United States, Russia, China, France, and Britain. Today the NPT is nearly universal. Only Israel, Pakistan, and India refused to sign the treaty and subsequently built nuclear arsenals. A fourth, North Korea, left the treaty in 2003 and tested a weapon in 2006. A CFR Working Paper says in a little over a decade Britain and France could find their arsenals “eclipsed by those of Pakistan, Israel, and India.” Experts say the likelihood of the outliers joining the NPT or disarmament efforts is small, making them a significant challenge for the nonproliferation regime. They also pose difficulties for U.S. diplomacy and the Obama administration’s nonproliferation goals since the United States enjoys significant ties to all the outliers except North Korea.
Semplice, chiaro, terribile.