Tariq Ramadan, un conservatore
Tariq Ramadan scrive un articolo per Gulf News in cui argomenta che l’Occidente va alleandosi “strategicamente” con i salafiti del Golfo per mantenere intatti i propri interessi in Medio Oriente:
The United States as well as the European countries have no problem in dealing with the type of Islamism promoted by the literalist Salafism found in some Muslim countries: these regimes might oppose democracy and pluralism, but they do not hinder the western economic and geostrategic interests in the region and internationally. They even rely on western support to survive: this useful dependency is enough for the West to justify an objective alliance — with or without democracy.
La cosa è vera de facto, visti gli amichevolissimi rapporti che Europa e Stati Uniti hanno coi paesi del Golfo.
Per Tariq Ramadan la cosa è preoccupante, e non possiamo che dargli ragione. Argomenta:
1. These countries and their Salafist ideology are first and foremost concerned with political power and religious credibility. They focus — in a conservative and rigid way — on political appearances and social and juridical details; but from an economic standpoint they are liberals, capitalists who care little about the Islamic ethical reference within the neo-liberal world economic order. Indeed, they are pushing it even further.
2. Promoting the Salafist trends within Muslim majority societies helps both to create divisions from within these societies and to prevent the potential reformist trends and movements critical of western policies (reformist Islamists, leftists or even some traditional Sufi circles) from gaining immediate and natural religious credibility, and even a strong majority within their societies. Instead of being confrontational (which, on the contrary, would unite the Muslims), the most efficient strategy for the West is to divide the Muslims on religious grounds: in other words to transform the natural diversity among Muslims into an effective and useful tool for division.
3. The Salafist resurgence is creating trouble and tension within the Sunni tradition and between Sunni and Shiite Muslims as well, as the latter are considered as deviant by the literalists. The Sunni-Shiite fracture in the Middle East is a critical factor in the region especially in light of western and Israeli threats against Iran and the ongoing repression in Syria. The divide is deep even with regard to the Palestinian resistance, which for years had been a unifying legitimate struggle among Muslims. Now division is the rule, within and without, as Salafist activism (which does not care so much about the Palestinian cause) deepens among the Sunnis as well as between Sunnis and the Shiites.
Ciò che Tariq Ramadan non dice è che vi è un’altra gigantesca forza dell’islam politico ora in campo: la Fratellanza Musulmana.
Non nominandola, o meglio definendola “islamismo riformista”, la supporta.
Tariq Ramadan non dice che la Fratellanza Musulmana è una forza conservatrice, che ha forti interessi economici, che dialoga coi paesi del Golfo, che dialoga con americani ed europei.